Tom Sullivan here, just letting you know that if this appears under my byline, it’s because the tech gremlins in Bob Jones access to SU are acting up and I’m posting this for him. The following is 100% from our illustrious encyclopedic compatriot Robert Carl Jones! …

This essay might be of special interest to writers of detective and mystery novels who would like to enrich their stories by providing their readers with a gift of extra details. It might also be of general interest to many other readers, especially those who are CSI and NCIS fans. The ADDITIONAL INFORMATION section of this essay contains material found during research. It is not always closely related to the main subject of the essay, but is thought to be interesting.

Robert was born in Chicago, Illinois on April 28, 1944. He earned a bachelor’s degree in chemistry from Knox College in 1966 and used elective courses to study Russian. He also joined the campus group of CollegeYoung Republicans, the president of which considered him to be one of the more conservative and patriotic of the students. Plans for his future varied and included becoming a doctor or a dentist. He enrolled in dental school but reportedly said that he “didn’t like spit all that much.” Robert eventually earned an MBA in accounting and information systems. Upon graduating, he took a job with an accounting firm, but quit to become an internal affairs investigator specializing in forensic accounting for a municipal agency. Four years later, he took a job with a federal agency. It had a number of offices that specialized in various tasks, and Robert was periodically relocated as his skills increased. For some 25 years, he rose through the ranks of its counterintelligence agents in the extremely secretive NationalSecurity Division. His assignments gained him access to an increasing amount of covert information.

Realizing that other agencies would pay well for the information, Robert chose a second federal agency and offered to supply it with the information while still working for the initial federal agency. His offer was accepted, and Robert was provided with a second source of income. Robert received $600,000 and three diamonds, and it was implied that he would receive another $800,000.

Not wanting the initial agency to discover his double-dealing, drop sites were established where he would place information and collect his rewards. During the following 15 years, Robert continued to supply information obtained from the initial federal agency and supplied to the second federal agency. His rewards over a 22-year period totaled some 1.4 million dollars in cash and diamonds.

Robert appeared to be anything but a spy. He had a wife and six children to whom he was devoted, with whom he lived in an unpretentious neighborhood in Virginia and with whom he attended mass every Sunday. He and his wife were both members of the church’s Opus Dei society.

Eventually, his double dealing was discovered and confirmed by the initial agency. Robert was surprised to find a number of members of that agency awaiting him with guns drawn as he was leaving a drop site after having concealed a plastic garbage bag full of secret documents there. The plastic bag was recovered. Another nearby drop site was kept under surveillance in case members of the second federal agency tried to recover its contents when it appeared that Robert would not be picking it up. Its contents comprised $50,000. The contents of both drop sites provided evidence that Robert had stolen confidential information. Additional forensic evidence comprised, for example, a portion of a black plastic garbage bag that contained two of Robert’s fingerprints. It was estimated that Robert had delivered some 6,000 pages of confidential information to the second federal agency.

As some readers might have known or guessed, Robert’s full name, is Robert Philip Hanssen, the municipal agency is the Chicago Police Department, the initial federal agency from which Hanssen had stolen confidential information is the FBI and the second federal agency comprised and comprises the Soviet and Russian intelligence services, respectively. Hanssen was arrested and charged with selling U.S. secret information to the latter between 1979 and 2001 for more than 1.4 million U.S. dollars in cash and diamonds . Hanssen was arrested just six weeks prior to the date on which he had planned to give up the spying business. He pleaded guilty to 13 counts of espionage and was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.

Analysts reportedly believed that Hanssen had compromised every human and electronic penetration of Russia for a period of 15 years. The U.S. Department of Justice’s Commission for the Review of FBI Security Programs described Hanssen’s activities as possibly being the worst intelligence disaster in U.S. history.


One means of his establishing good faith with the second federal agency was naming three KGB officers who had been recruited to spy for the U.S. Consequently, they had been recalled to Moscow. Two were executed, and the third was jailed.

The name of the country we commonly refer to as Russia is officially known as the Russian Federation, and it is a federal, semi-presidential republic. It is also the world’s largest country, and it covers more than an eighth of the world’s inhabited land area. Having a human population of almost 144 million, it ranks as being the ninth most populated country.

Hanssen’s father was a police officer and was reportedly emotionally abusive to his son while the latter was a child, telling him that he would never make anything of his life.

MBA represents a Masters of Business Administration.



In my early teen years I think I probably thought of eloquence as a synonym for intelligence, and I thought intelligence and wisdom were the same thing. Articulate people were smart and therefore wise. Inarticulate people were not smart and therefore not wise. I like to think that by the end of my teen years I had started to work the arrogance out of this premise and to recognize that eloquence had little to do with perception or insight. Sometimes it was a tough sell – to myself. I was reasonably articulate. My pride did not want to cede parity to anyone less articulate.

Unless you’ve discovered inarticulate wisdom, you may not fully appreciate the point here. I’m not making this distinction just to be charitable (which would also make it condescending). I rather dislike do-gooders who think they can make everyone equal just by holding hands at the equator and singing “Koom-byah!” And I’m not trying to be oh-so objective by inserting token open-mindedness. I’m simply saying that wisdom doesn’t necessarily include the ability to verbalize itself well. Of course, it’s harder to appreciate wisdom that isn’t expressed with flair or profundity. Moreover, the wise person who lacks verbal skills may lack confidence in their own perceptions.

I remember a student I had who was put in my class by default because the women teachers were afraid of him. He was big, a couple grades behind, and English was his worst subject. He had been passed along just to be gotten rid of, but he was anything but threatening. He automatically took a seat in the back of the room and I let him stay there while I did my usual week-long orientation designed to remove fear of failure in that class. The orientation was meant to shake up students expectations (I graded with ice cream flavors), but it also gave me a chance to study them. By the end of that week I knew just by the way this particular student was listening and observing life around him that he had a great deal of common sense. Isolated by age and lack of success, he was one of those – a person unaware of his own capabilities and inarticulate wisdom.

When I made up the seating chart at the end of that first week, I left him where he was in the back of the room. But it wasn’t so that he could be shut off from the classroom as he was used to being in years past. It was so that I could call on him, and everyone in the class would turn around to look, perhaps anticipating a spectacle. The questions I asked, however, and the interrogations I put him through, were designed to play on his strengths in ways that left the impression that he was solving problems. More than that, by paraphrasing his simple utterances, I led him into confidence and a kind of productivity that the class grew to respect week by week. Win-win.

No, he never became a gold-star English student, but his heart was gold. On the first day of the following school year I was standing in the hall and he came up to me with some pages in his hand. No longer my student, he had nevertheless brought me a list of 200 words he had written down that he had been unable to find in the dictionary. I was a little surprised that he already had such an assignment, but then I saw why the words weren’t in the dictionary, and I began to choke up. They were from a novel I had written (THE PHASES OF HARRY MOON) that was filled with coined usages, rogue verbs and hyperbole. He had somehow acquired my most difficult literary novel and tried to read it over the summer. Yeah, it still chokes me up. You never know what you’re going to unlock when you search inside a sealed person.

So it’s easy to overlook the wisdom around you, if you are the articulate person; easy to inflate your own confidence with a bombast of words. And even if you conquer that aspect of yourself, it takes real-world experiences to get past the barriers of verbal intimidation you are prone to erect. You can’t just fake empathy. Ain’t gonna help to imitate your audience if you feel condescending toward them. Takes true recognition of what they may know. Respect – learn it, feel it, live it. And when you do, the curtain may drop a little, revealing wisdom unencumbered by profound language skills.

Writers – especially fictioneers – need to get on top of this. They must recognize their relative skill with language without assuming they know more than their readers. Because if they really were communicating exclusive wisdom, it would be an uphill battle. Unfamiliar truths would come across as arduous and alien to the reader, who would then become mistrustful and distant from the writer. You can’t rain endless abstractions on people and expect total understanding or lasting interest. When we are inspired by words from others, struck by a truth or awed by a description, it’s because those things are already inside us in some form. We recognize the verbal capture of something we’ve acquired perhaps non-verbally or only vaguely from the palpable world. All communication is a negotiation between affirmation and rejection. If the wisdom wasn’t already in ourselves, we wouldn’t recognize it.

So, in that sense, the writer is a facilitator. The writing task is to verbalize what others will recognize from either their conscious or subconscious mind. More than that – and absolutely legitimate to the author’s task – is the writer’s magic of connecting the dots to larger meanings. If readers trust the writer to do that, they will welcome that exploration and be grateful for the journey that ensues.

I believe this is increasingly important because, verbal or not, many studies show that IQ’s have dropped considerably across Western nations in recent decades. Despite what’s known as the Flynn effect, the overall drop since Victorian times has been cited as between 14.1 and 24 points. The reasons are controversial, but whether or not human intelligence has peaked, the writer’s task remains the same. Find the language to reach the targeted audience. Do not confuse wisdom with intelligence. And respect the reader for their wisdom, articulated or not.


Tom Sullivan here, just letting you know that if this appears under my byline, it’s because the tech gremlins in Bob Jones access to SU are acting up and I’m posting this for him. The following is 100% from our illustrious encyclopedic compatriot Robert C. Jones! …

This essay might be of special interest to writers of detective and mystery novels who would like to enrich their stories by providing their readers with a gift of extra details. It might also be of general interest to many other readers, especially those who are CSI and NCIS fans. The ADDITIONAL INFORMATION section of this essay contains material found during research. It is not always closely related to the main subject of the essay, but is thought to be interesting.


In keeping with the October tradition of writing about a subject befitting the month of Halloween, the following piece is about a monster. This monster was not fictitious. He was all too real.

Wars are activities that expose, generate and often encourage monsters. World War II certainly had its share. The subject monster places highly on any monstrousness chart. Judged by quantity or quality, this monster deserves a top position.

He was introduced to the world in 1911 in Gunzburg, Germany and was named Josef Mengele. He studied physical anthropology and medicine and received a doctorate degree in 1935. His dissertation concentrated on the differences in the lower jaws of persons in different racial groups. In 1937, he joined the Nazi Party. He also began to study twins, heredity and eugenics.

Mengele had been seriously wounded during the Russian campaign. Upon recovering, he was thought to be unfit for frontline service, and he was assigned to perform medical work as an SS officer in a camp named Auschwitz. Once there, he had no problem finding prisoners upon whom to practice “experiments.” He has been accused of being responsible for the deaths of thousands of persons. It was no surprise that Mengele became known as the “Angel of Death.”

As the end of the war and the Russian troops each drew ever nearer, Mengele was one of many members of the military who did not wish to be present to welcome the Russians. He exchanged his officer’s uniform for that of a German infantry soldier and headed west for safer territory. He was briefly held by the U.S. military. Being unaware of his being a war criminal, however, he was released.

One of a number of persons protecting Mengele was a Brazilian named Wolfgang Gerhard. When leaving Brazil, he gave his Brazilian ID to Mengele. He also made arrangements for a burial plot under his own name.

With the help of friends, assumed names and various documents, he managed to stay in a number of countries while avoiding punishment for his war crimes. His end came in 1979 when he suffered a stroke while swimming at a Brazilian beach resort. His body was subsequently buried in the plot under the name of Wolfgang Gerhard.

In 1985, following information gained from an interrogation of a family accused of hiding a nazi war criminal, a weed-covered grave supposedly containing the body of Wolfgang Gerhard was opened and its contained bones removed. Forensic anthropologists found them to be that of a caucasian male between 60 and 74 years old, some 174 cm in height, having a skull circumference of 57 cm and an age between 60 and 74 years. Mengele was 174 cm in height, had a skull circumferenc of 57 cm and was 67 when he died. Gerhard was 188 cm in height, so he could not be the one whose bones had been unearthed Healed injuries of the bones were consistent with Mengele’s documented injuries. Photographic images of the unearthed skull having pins placed at 30 osteometric points and similar images of 27-year-old Mengele and of 60-some-year-old Mengele’s head were superimposed. Each contour and point fit perfectly.

By the early 1990s, DNA technology was capable of extracting DNA from bones. In 1992, DNA from the unearthed bones was compared to that from Mengele’s descendants, confirming that the bones were those of Josef Mengele.


The term “eugenics” (well-born) refers to a policy directed at controlling reproduction to improve selected traits of humans. It was considered in Ancient Greece and Rome and more recently in Europe and the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is still a subject of debate. Many readers might be surprised and even shocked to discover when and where eugenics has been practiced.

During WWII, the word “Auschwitz” referred to a network of Nazi German concentration camps, extermination camps and 45 satellite camps operated during the period between 1940 and 1945. An estimated 1.1 million inmates died there. The camp was liberated in 1945 by the Soviet military.

The term “osteometry” refers to the study and measurement of skeletons.

As exceptionally cruel example of horror was experienced by some Auschwitz prisoners when the infamous Heinrich Himmler ordered a Nazi doctor to artificially inseminate female prisoners using various experimental methods. The doctor inseminated some 300 women, reportedly telling the victims that he had inseminated them with animal sperm so that monsters would be growing within them.

Himmler joined the Nazi Party and the SS in 1923 and 1925, respectively. He held powerful positions and, within 16 years, he had developed a battalion of 290 men into a paramilitary group comprising a million or so. The SS (Schutzstaffel) was originally formed to protect Hitler. By 1936, under the command of Himmler, it had become the basis of the entire Nazi terror machine.

One of Mengele’s activities was to observe prisoners as they debarked from arriving trains. With a leftward flick of his thumb, he indicated that a prisoner should be immediately taken to a gas chamber. Those given a rightward flick were thought to be capable of doing work and probably lived a while longer.

One interest of Mengele’s in twins was to learn how to produce multiple births to quickly expand the German race. He reportedly experimented on some 1,000 or more pairs of twins, disposing of those for whom he had no further use by injecting chloroform into their hearts. For convenience, he had his laboratory built next to a crematorium. Reportedly, none of Mengele’s experiments on twins was considered to have a scientific basis.

To calm children in the prison, Mengele had a playground created for children in the prison, had them calling him “Uncle” and sometimes gave them clean clothes and sweets. As a result some came to actually like him. The next day, however, he might send them to a crematorium.

Mengele was but one of the Nazi doctors that performed horrifying experiments. According to Nuremberg doctor trial records, 15 of 23 defendants were convicted of having committed unimaginable war crimes.

There were a number of persons that, for a long time, clung to the belief that Mengele was still alive. If he were still alive today, he would be more than 100 years old.



The chatter of swirling leaves in my yard is counterpointed by the chatter in my mailbox as October begins to undress Minnesota. Your questions are always welcome as part of our correspondence. And please don’t feel overlooked, if I don’t use yours for a while. I bank them so that I can select a balance of topics or combine similar questions into one (especially those daunting ones). Here’s a new Q&A assortment for October:

Q: [Speedway, IN] Hey, Sully, I read about your bears. Why don’t you take up something like table tennis and stay out of the woods?

A: Not to worry. All the bears where I hike/run have signed a non-violence pledge and are vegans. And if I run into a maverick bear, I’ve got that figured out too. Bruins have notoriously bad eyesight, so as soon as one gets close enough, I’ll slap my sunglasses on Smokey and escape while he’s groping for the light switch!

Q: [Malmo?, Sweden] Do you have a special way of outlining?

A: Will address this in an upcoming column, but in short: begin with a 1-sentence summary that includes the conflict (quest, revenge…). If you can’t capture the essential tension in a sentence, you’re not ready to start. Proceed to defining characters, threads, arcs. Block out number of scenes/sections needed to carry out the action. Treat each chapter like you would the whole book, i.e. distinct beginning, middle, end – which is to say, you define where the chapter is going, elaborate the action/movement, then draw the threads together.

Q: [Beverly Hills, CA] Loved your new interview, especially the things you said near the end! Were you in Australia or was the interviewer here?

A: It was Skyped. Grant Soosalu, whose pioneering mBraining techniques have made him a guru in the inspirational/motivational field, first interviewed me a few years ago and we became fast friends. His eclectic background meshes across the spectrum with a lot of mine, so our conversations on and off mic soar in every direction. The interview you mention has attracted much attention and wonderful comments that would make my mother blush. The international call went on for about an hour and a half after the interview was done, if that gives you a hint of the rapport and wide-ranging exchanges. Here’s a link for anyone who would like to share the fun:

Q: [?, UK] What do you fear the most?

A: Another of those questions you could answer differently five days in a row. But high on my list is wasting time! Any writer will tell you that the endless waiting when you’re starting out and struggling to get published will just eat you up, so maybe that’s a contributing factor to my mind-set. But waiting on anything that suspends your life is a kind of betrayal of self. You get caught in these paradoxes where you don’t want to compromise goals, and yet you have no control over the outcomes. That’s why I write a lot about carving out sanctuaries, partitioning one’s life, and other ways to “render unto Caesar that which is Caesar’s” without procrastinating dreams. “To thine own self be true!”

Q: [Madison, WI] You must be older than you sound, so if you don’t mind telling me your age what is it?

A: Oh, at least 112 – bwahaha! Age only matters if you’re a cheese or a glass of fine wine. There’s just one thing I see as important to keeping track of numbers. If you’re past 40, you are within shouting distance of all those cool senior discounts! Love it when someone doesn’t believe I’m old enough. Ticket seller at the Rogers Cinema the other night said “No way!” when I told her my age in order to get the 55 and over discount. Then she made me show her my driver’s license! (Bless you, all near-sighted young women…)

Q: [Tallahassee, FL] Do you have a dog?

A: No. Unless you count the 70 million strays at large in the US. I own those. They own me. It takes a village when it comes to abandoned dogs.

Q: [multiple similar questions, shotgun answer] What do you mean by romantic idealism?… How do you define romantic perfection?… Do you think [there’s] only one true love for everyone?…How can I believe in perfection when it took me three marriages to get it right?

A: Of course you can love more than once (some people fall in love every week). But I’m always fascinated by married people bragging, “We were childhood sweethearts!” – as if there is a perfection in that. And isn’t there? When it comes to the purest passion and the deepest bonding, it has to be a quality vs. quantity thing, doesn’t it? More of one is less of the other. I wouldn’t presume to tell anyone else what they need or want in love or marriage. It’s whatever you say it is. I’m just saying, for me the very best I have to give includes my undivided, exclusive, forever romantic ideal. If it’s palpably shared, so much the better, but I can separate that from the rest of my life if I have to. It really begins and ends with me. Giving it is what’s important. Not palpably sharing with an ideal simply frees that aspect of you at the same time that you are possessed – an exquisite paradox whose solving is out of your hands.

Q: [Delaware?] I’ve never published anything, and the wife wants me to give up writing and spend more time with her and our two kids. I know this is a common problem for writers, but I was wondering with all of your experience what do you think?

A: I get it that being a writer is who you are, but nothing I could say here trumps what you and your wife and kids think and feel. Not sure getting published has anything to do with it, unless it would bring income you need to survive. Doesn’t sound like anyone’s needs for communication are being met at home. Is that a disconnect or a genuine time crunch? Could be you have a classic case of marital expectations conflicting with reality. If it’s a communication disconnect for lack of relevance, depth or understanding, the argument over writing may be just a mask. From what I’ve seen, people who have insight and empathy usually add to each other’s roles, while those who are mismatched may need to map out where their compatibility begins and ends. No one-size-fits-all answer. You need to communicate about communication with the other (potential) communicators. For the record, both before AND AFTER I was published I seldom wrote at home. I created in my head while driving to work and scratched things down in bathrooms, restaurants and parked cars.


Look for me in costume at your door on Halloween! Hint: fave candy = Nipples of Venus.

Thomas “Sully” Sullivan

You can see all my books in any format here on my webpage:

or follow me on Facebook:


Tom Sullivan here, just letting you know that if this appears under my byline, it’s because the tech gremlins in Bob Jones access to SU are acting up and I’m posting this for him. The following is 100% from our illustrious encyclopedic compatriot Robert C. Jones! …

This essay might be of special interest to writers of detective and mystery novels who would like to enrich their stories by providing their readers with a gift of extra details. It might also be of general interest to many other readers, especially those who are CSI and NCIS fans. The ADDITIONAL INFORMATION section of this essay contains material found during research. It is not always closely related to the main subject of the essay, but is thought to be interesting.


Having been established as a royal burgh in 1186, Dumfries, Scotland, has since been a location where many threads of history have been spun. One such thread is related to forensics. It originated shortly after 1749, when a son named Benjamin was born to a farmer named George. Benjamin served as an apprentice to a surgeon and later studied medicine at Edinburgh University. He then practiced surgery in Edinburgh and was elected to be an attendant surgeon to the Royal Infirmary, a position he held for eighteen years.

Benjamin is generally considered to have been a scientific surgeon, indeed the first Scottish scientific surgeon as demonstrated in his influential, six-volume textbook titled A SYSTEM OF SURGERY. He was admired for his rational thought processes, especially those expressed in his treatise on GONORRHOEA VIRULENTA AND LUES VENEREA. His THEORY AND MANAGEMENT OF ULCERS was published in 1778 and is still considered to be a classic of eighteenth-century physiology.

Benjamin’s son, Joseph, grandson, Benjamin and great-grandson Joseph constituted a family dynasty of surgeons practicing in Edinburgh. All became presidents of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. Joseph was known for his diagnostic abilities and for his ability to catch minute details upon which his diagnoses were based. These abilities did not go unnoticed by a young medical student whom he had chosen to serve as his assistant. In turn, the student based a fictitious detective on him in books that were eventually to become extremely popular with detective story fans. Police actually found the forensic actions of the imaginary detective to be useful in their real world of fighting crime. Of course, the teacher, Joseph, was Dr. Joseph Bell, the young medical student was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and the imaginary detective was named Sherlock Holmes.

Dr. Bell had an effective method of teaching. According to an essay by Dr. Harold Emery Jones, Dr. Bell once presented his class with a tumbler that he said housed “a very potent drug. To the taste it is intensely bitter. Here it is most offensive to the sense of smell. But I want you to test it by smell and taste; and, as I don’t ask anything of my students which I wouldn’t be willing to do myself, I will taste it before passing it round.”

Here he dipped his finger in the liquid and placed it in his mouth. The tumbler was passed round. With wry and sour faces the students followed the professor’s lead. One after another tasted the liquid; varied and amusing were the grimaces made. The tumbler having gone the round, was returned to the professor.

“Gentlemen,” said he, with a laugh, “I am deeply grieved to find that not one of you has developed this power of perception, which I so often speak about; for if you had watched me closely, you would have found that, while I placed my forefinger in the medicine, it was the middle finger which found its way into my mouth.”

Reportedly, upon arriving in a train station, Arthur Conan Doyle, who by then had made few public appearances, was surprised when an attendant handling his suitcase addressed him by name. Having a reputation for having endowed his major character, Sherlock Homes, with almost supernatural capabilities of observation, Doyle sheepishly asked the attendant how in the world he knew his name. The attendant pointed to a name tag attached to his suitcase.


The first recorded reference to forensics comes from a book written in China in 1248. The book, called HSI DUAN YU (which means THE WASHING AWAY OF WRONGS) explained how to tell the difference between a person who has drowned and a person who has been strangled.

There were a few occasions when Sherlock would partake of cocaine. Reference to his use appeared in 1890 in THE SIGN OF FOUR and in 1890 in A SCANDAL IN BOHEMIA. During that period, the drug was legal and could be obtained without a prescription. Oddly, it was even mistakenly used as a potential cure for opiate addictions.

Arthur Conan Doyle kept his pen busy writing more than 20 full-length books and more than 150 short stories. He also wrote many poems, plays and essays.





Fame is infamous. Or at least it should be. Not that I would know. I’ve had very little fame, lots of infamy. But you don’t have to drown in order to understand water.

Virtually everyone experiences the rushes and crushes that come with sudden acclaim, even if they only experience them in microcosms and short bursts, as in scoring a winning goal or getting applause for speaking up at a PTA meeting. The difference is that a microcosm is like a soap bubble. A little time passes and the bubble bursts. But what happens when the bubble doesn’t burst and instead becomes the known universe for someone 24/7/365? Answer: well…it may still result in a bubble. Because that someone is apt to find themselves trapped in a single facet – or maybe a complete fabrication – of their personality. Only this bubble is made of glass instead of soap, with little room to grow, to explore, to be understood. And for better or for worse it is sustainable until shattered by outside forces.

Fame often roars in like a freight train. But even when it builds over years, the realization can be sudden and disorienting. The world turns Technicolor and, as the anointed one, you may find yourself in a redo, a remake of your basic relationships. It’s as if the long-awaited dream carries with it some kind of amnesty for everything – redemption or just freedom. So now you have new-found prerogatives if not actual power (power usually goes to the retainers that surround and insulate someone famous). You can even reinvent yourself. Might as well, everyone else will. Not just calculating publicists, self-serving critics, enthusiastic agents et al, but FANS. Complete strangers! And people who are not strangers, who were once your friends or are relatives, may want to renegotiate the relationship. Heady stuff!

It’s called IMAGE. And it can crowd you out of your home and your head. You have people now – experts – to handle all the decisions and…and stress (bwahaha!). People to reassure you that in fact everything is well, or will be, if you stick to the script. Easy at that stage to believe in fickle fame, in your own press, and in the subtle but pervasive inference that you must be doing everything right. You are indemnified against the negative. But without the blessed sanctuary of small failures that you can recognize and learn from, you are in danger of becoming blind and lost to bigger failures down the road. The irony is that the people who surround you in all likelihood have a more honest perspective than the one they are pushing on you simply because they are anonymous. And if they want to manipulate you, you are duck soup. They know who they are, and that they have nothing to protect save maybe their influence over you, and so you may become dependent on them. You trust them. Over time, inevitable jealousies, defections or betrayals may muddy the picture to the point where you are guessing who really is on your side. In a worst-case scenario the moat around you eventually turns into a quicksand of paranoia and money.

It’s just business, you may think. A corporation of eager interests with a spectrum of motives. But behind the façade of fame, guess who has become “the giant tit”? And always there are the fans with their enduring admiration that can become as ruthless in its own way as the clear-headed parasites. No need to write about alcohol and drugs and all the avenues of escape that turn into dead ends.

‘Nough. I’ve given the whole fame thing enough of a nasty spin. Truth be told, there are people who maintain who they are through it all, cohabiting with fame as with a favored houseguest. And there are even categories of artists whose fame is as abstract as their art, whose non-performance art is far enough removed from the limelight to permit them anonymity should they choose to walk solitary lanes. Oh, you know where I’m going now, don’t you? Yes, I refer to…


Scribblers on paper, words on a cyber-screen – it’s an abstract interface that may infer intellectual respect, but you can be a mumbling, fumbling troglodyte, 200 pounds over fighting weight, sporting bad breath and coffee cup eyes and still command intellectual respect. Of course there are pretenders – armies of pretenders now that the digital age has created true self-publishing, meaningless promotion and a glut of mediocre writing or worse. Mixed in with that is a lot of great writing that traditional publishing misses or ignores. A phenomenon of self-contained readers-writers-reviewers has even begun to take hold. These all-in-one groups contain every possible aspect and service of writing from publishing to editing, cover reveals, critiquing, promo and reviewing. And the kicker is that they are their own audience and marketplace, reaching out in their sphere of influence almost like the crafts and subscription guilds of old – unions, closed societies. So be it. Because who’s to say who should be anointed? Who is to tell anyone else what is good or worthy of their attention or how to spend their filthy lucre in the marketplace?

Fame. You don’t have to chase it. Take it or leave it if it’s offered you, but remember what it is: an endorsement, a connection, a surrogate love, but also a pressure to live an unreality. Like I said…fame should be infamous.

Thomas “Sully” Sullivan

You can see all my books in any format here on my webpage:

or follow me on Facebook:


Tom Sullivan here, just letting you know that if this appears under my byline, it’s because the tech gremlins in Bob Jones access to SU are acting up and I’m posting this for him. The following is 100% from our illustrious encyclopedic compatriot Robert C. Jones! …

This essay might be of special interest to writers of detective and mystery novels who would like to enrich their stories by providing their readers with a gift of extra details. It might also be of general interest to many other readers, especially those who are CSI and NCIS fans. The ADDITIONAL INFORMATION section of this essay contains material found during research. It is not always closely related to the main subject of the essay, but is thought to be interesting.


A recreation area resides in the North End neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It includes baseball fields, slides, swings and even three Bocce courts. It is a place for persons to enjoy themselves. The area was not, however, always a pleasant place to be. In early 1919, persons there experienced a disastrous event.


To many British, it’s known as Treacle. To most Americans, it’s molasses. It is a dark, viscous, strong-flavored, honey-like substance made by processing cane or beet sugar. Its viscosity accounts for the slowness with which it pours from containers. It also provides the origin of the popular saying that something or someone is “as slow as molasses in January.”

In addition to being used for its flavor and sweetness, molasses is also used in the production of alcoholic beverages, munitions and ethanol. The Purity Distilling Company used it to produce the latter.

In the North End neighborhood, the company owned a large storage tank. It was 52 feet tall, 90 feet in diameter and had a storage capacity of 2.3 million U.S. gallons. A full load of molasses was estimated to weigh 26 million pounds.

Ships from Cuba brought molasses. The storage tank was located only about 200 feet from Boston Harbor, and that facilitated the transfer of Molasses from ships to the tank. Nearby railroad tracks provided ready means for moving the molasses from the tank to other locations.

A shipload of molasses was due to arrive a few days after the tank’s construction had been completed in December of 1915, so the structure had not been tested.

On January 15, 1919, the temperature had risen from a below-freezing temperature of 2 degrees Fahrenheit to an above-freezing temperature of 40 degrees Fahrenheit. That might have increased pressure within the tank.

Just after noon, the tank, loaded with molasses, burst. It was on this January day that molasses became directly involved in an event that not only resulted in a necessary application of forensic engineering to determine the causes and legal responsibilities for the bursting of the storage tank, but it also proved that the implied slowness of “molasses in January” was not applicable in all cases.

When it was filled with molasses, the viscous fluid leaked and ran down the sides of the tank. The leaks were so obvious that nearby neighbors filled containers with escaping goo for home use. Children rolled the ends of sticks against the leaking molasses to make sweet suckers. Reportedly, to hide the leaks, the tank was painted brown. In addition to the obvious leaks, rumbling noises from inside the tank were being noticed and reported.

When it burst, the storage tank was only three years old. It had been constructed of seven vertical rows of sheets of steel. The sheets were arranged in a circle with their edges overlapping. The overlapping areas were held together by rivets, and the bottom edges were set in concrete.

The sudden deformation of the tank walls, as reported by witnesses, was accompanied by a tremendous cacophony of crashes, roars, rumbles, growls, bangs and the sharp cracks of rivets being shot outwardly like bullets as the tank walls were abruptly forced outwardly and struck objects including the ground. With no tank to restrain it, a wave of molasses raced away from its previous enclosure. Reports of the wave’s height varied, but the actual height would have generally diminished as the wave spread from its original height while within the tank. Based on the damage it had caused, the width of the wave was determined to have reached 160 feet.

Estimates of the speed of the wave also varied, but it might have challenged the top speed of a human runner. A human sprint record found on the internet was less than 30 miles per hour. Having a terrifying specter of a huge wall of molasses bearing down upon one, however, might have inspired a new, unrecorded, human sprint record.

Adults and children were swept up and pitched helter skelter. By the time the flood subsided, 21 persons had been killed, and some 150 were reported to have been injured.

The wave itself was not the only impressive sight. Buildings within reach of the wave’s force were relocated and basements flooded with molasses. Much of the latter was pumped out by the fire department.

A portion of the Boston Elevated Railway that passed through the area, and that was to have provided means for moving molasses from the tank, was damaged. Poles supporting wires carrying electric current were toppled, dropping the wires into the molasses. A truck was pitched into Boston Harbor, and a small boat was found to have been driven through a wooden fence.

While being pinned by the wave of molasses against the shed wall of a trolley company with his feet a good distance above the shed floor, a railroad clerk had an experience capable of supplying enough material for a lifetime of nightmares while he helplessly watched a nearby horse drown in the sticky goo. At destroyed city stables, police shot trapped, injured horses.

The ship USS Nantucket was docked near the destroyed area, and its crew of 116 were quick to respond to the catastrophe. They were followed by Boston police, Red Cross workers and U.S. Army personnel. . Rescue and body retrieval efforts continued for four days, but the last body wasn’t recovered for nearly four months.

Thousands of gallons of molasses were pumped from basements by the fire department. In some locations, as the molasses hardened, saws and chisels had to be used to remove it.

That the flood scene was close to the harbor was fortunate. Its water was used to flush molasses from streets. So much was flushed that the harbor enjoyed a brown tint for some time.

Estimates of the time spent completing the entire clean-up ran to some 87,000 man-hours. As if the mess caused by molasses in the flooded area wasn’t enough, molasses was carried about the city of Boston on the shoes, clothes and fingers of workers, residents and sightseers. It made public telephones sticky and sitting on a streetcar seat almost a permanent experience.

An investigation revealed that no plans for the structure had been approved and that the completed structure itself had never been tested, for example, by filling it with water, which weighed only about half as much as did molasses anyway. Reportedly, the metal used in the construction was but half the thickness it should have been. It also lacked manganese, thus making the metal more brittle.

Local residents brought a class-action lawsuit against the United States Industrial Alcohol Company (USIA), which had purchased Purity Distilling in 1917. ASIA ultimately paid $10.7 million in today’s dollars in out-of-court settlements.

A positive result of the catastrophe was that Boston leaders began requiring that construction projects be approved by an engineer or architect and filed with the city building department. This positive action was subsequently adopted throughout the country.

Although the Boston flood happened nearly a century ago, if the temperature and humidity are just right, there are still those who claim to detect a fragrance that bears a suspicious resemblance to that of molasses.



To commemorate the molasses flood, the Bostonian Society installed a plaque at the entrance to what is now Puopolo Park. It bears the following words:

Boston Molasses Flood

On January 15, 1919, a molasses tank at 529 Commercial Street exploded under pressure, killing 21 people. A 40-foot wave of molasses buckled the elevated railroad tracks, crushed buildings and inundated the neighborhood. Structural defects in the tank combined with unseasonably warm temperatures contributed to the disaster.

During the years of Prohibition (1930-1933), in the United States, molasses bore an adversarial relationship with bootlegging and organized crime. Rum was a primary base for the production of illegal rum.

Not very far from the storage tank were the homes of Paul Revere and Thomas Hutchinson, the latter having been a colonial governor. The area also included homes, shops and freight sheds of a trolley company.

Bocce is an ancient game played on an elongate court upon which balls are thrown or rolled underhand in an attempt to place them as close as possible to a smaller ball called a jack, boccino or pallino.


The dog days of August are featuring a different breed every 24 hours here in Mini-soda. Such unusual people seem to be crossing my path these days. But then, I hang out in unusual places. And then there’s my Inbox where people write fantastic things, sharing their lives, whispering secrets or…asking questions. Lots of Qs. For which I am most grateful, even though I struggle to keep up and to be candid when responding to daunting stuff. I try to maintain a balance of your interests, despite the fact that the questions go overwhelmingly towards heavier things – life crises, human interest, relationships. Must keep it light. So, a little of this, a little of that for you in this late summer Q&A…

Q: [? UK] May I ask what you are reading now?

A: Recently found myself with some precious reading time and the only thing at hand was a box of old books from my high school days. Reluctantly dove in and came up with Zane Grey’s RIDERS OF THE PURPLE SAGE. Despite its somewhat dated style, am loving it…again. Has me wondering if my romantic nature owes something to that and similar novels.

Q: [Bloomington, IN] I’m an Eagles fan too and I know you and Glenn Frey are friends but what other music do you listen to including old and new? Didn’t you mention ABBA once and was there another singer or group?

A: The Eagles are simply the best, and if you know Glenn’s eclectic nature and drive for perfection, you understand why. My musical tastes run wall-to-wall. And, yes, I love new music and listen to it daily. Don’t remember the post you cite, but I am a Bjorn again ABBA fan for their energy, joy and romantic poignancy. I think Benny is a musical genius in a wonderfully simple and unschooled way, and Agnetha channels unadulterated hormones and urgent longing. You can kid about ABBA’s campiness, but I think that started because they were pure romance when Sweden was pure message music (we had just left the 60s). A prophet (make that “profit”) is without honor in his own country. So their success was sneered at by many in Sweden, reinforced by deliberately campy production values, e.g. glitzy outfits/sets dreamed up by their producer. After that stigma took hold, it was upstream globally – except in Australia. But you have to come back to the fact that they have somewhere north of 400 million records sales, and like Glenn and the Eagles, they are in demand across generations even decades after breaking up, having turned down $1 billion in 2000 for a reunion tour. … Many, many other songs, singers and groups I could write about. Ask me about some specific music and I’ll respond. (But the Eagles OWN the anthems of America. J )

Q: [Boston, MA] Your writing doesn’t seem to fall into any one category, but your characters are often in dysfunctional families. Is that autobiographical?

A: I suppose that was true of my 23-year marriage. DUST OF EDEN, THE PHASES OF HARRY MOON, BORN BURNING, THE MARTYRING, especially are centered around families trying to come together. And CASE WHITE, SECOND SOUL, THE WATER WOLF and DIAPASON all have central characters who are in some way orphaned.

Q: [ ? ] You deserve a lot of credit for your honesty for writing about your personal relationship so beautifully. I’ve followed that for several years now and I’ve taken a lot of hope and inspiration from you. I think I get it that you found true love with someone in an impossible circumstance so I’m not asking to know what that was or is, but for once and for all will you clarify your relationship status?

A: I am free. Which is to say, no one has any claims on me. But that doesn’t mean I don’t savor a dream that could have been. Yeah, I know, the world regards such faithfulness with a sneer. That kind of fool is never repaid in kind or with kindness. Sometimes, when the magic of your dreams comes true, you have to respond, and I was distracted. I may always be distracted. Romance is the core of my being, and for such a person a soulmate is forever. But I’m sorry, world, for what I haven’t given back to you. Hopefully, I’ll do better in the future.

Q [Brampton, Ontario]: You wrote that you have trouble with quantum. Do you mean understanding it or accepting it?

A: Mercy. Tune out, those of you who aren’t into theoretical physics. Well, I suppose it’s the latter. One of the troubles I have with quantum is that despite Einstein’s qualifying of his statement that everything is happening at once and the disclaimer of many physicists, quantum really does seem to me to infer inescapably that everything IS happening simultaneously. And if that’s so, then the concepts of Time and of Cause & Effect are meaningless. Because what is the unit of measuring everything happening at once? As long as there is a divisible duration for events to unfold – an eon, a second, a nanosecond – things are not happening simultaneously because you would have to wait for that duration to complete in order to be defined as an event. No matter how small the duration (or large in commonly perceived human terms), it could still be parsed like a film in which an infinite number of frames play out. Without units of measure the notion of time has no meaning. Similarly cause and effect would have no application in a universe with zero sequences and therefore no consequences. This may come down to mathematical semantics, but being a person of words I believe in the power of any generalization to be expressed verbally. Mathematicians invariably trust the symmetry of formulae over the subjectiveness of words. I cannot quite do that to describe reality. There is always an assumption in a mathematical expression. And I’m going to stop here before we get to Schrödinger’s cat…

Q: [Lake Wales, FL] How did you sell your first book?

A: If you mean did I have an agent, no. A British editor who had previous interest in a short story of mine came into a position with an American publisher and requested a novel from me. I wrote it in 23 days (and had the stupidity to add while being interviewed on a famous radio show, “…it would have been 22, but I couldn’t think of a title”). In any case, DIAPASON is not my one letter to the world. I wrote it in a pique of cynicism, because the world hadn’t shown interest in my good stuff, so I gave it popcorn. Sold immediately, of course and was on that publisher’s bestseller list (I think I put them out of business). So then I looked in the mirror and said, “Point proven about giving the world what it wants, Sully – now what?” and went back to writing what I wanted to write. It’s nice if the world loves you, but if you have to pander to get that, they aren’t really loving YOU, are they? You might as well dig ditches or cross-dress and walk 8 Mile Rd in Detroit. Though I kinda like digging ditches…

And that’s it for August, dear friends and fans. May it rain sunshine on you, and may you reflect the light.

Thomas “Sully” Sullivan

You can see all my books in any format here on my webpage:

or follow me on Facebook:

Robert C. Jones: A SHOT IN THE ARM

Tom Sullivan here, just letting you know that if this appears under my byline, it’s because the tech gremlins in Bob Jones access to SU are acting up and I’m posting this for him. The following is 100% from our illustrious encyclopedic compatriot Robert C. Jones! …

This essay might be of special interest to writers of detective and mystery novels who would like to enrich their stories by providing their readers with a gift of extra details. It might also be of general interest to many other readers, especially those who are CSI and NCIS fans. The ADDITIONAL INFORMATION section of this essay contains material found during research. It is not always closely related to the main subject of the essay, but it is thought to be interesting.

  • •••**

John Schneeberger was born in 1961 in what was Northern Rhodesia but is now Zambia. How it came to be Zambia is quite interesting, but it is not sufficiently related to forensics to win a place in the ADDITIONAL INFORMATION section of this essay. Dr. Schneeberger obtained a medical education from the Stellenbosch University, a world-class university in South Africa. In 1987, he moved to Canada and practiced in the Kipling Medical Center in Saskatchewan. He married and had two daughters. In 1993, he became a Canadian citizen.

During the preceding year, Dr. Schneeberger had sedated a 23-year-old patient named Candice using Versed. While his patient was under its influence, he had sexually assaulted her. Although Schneeberger had expected her to have no memory of the assault, Candice did; and she reported it to the police. A comparison of DNA in Schneeberger’s blood was compared to that in the alleged rapist’s semen, but they did not match. In 1993, Candice requested that another DNA test be conducted. but blood samples drawn from his arm also produced no match. The case was closed in 1994.

Refusing to quit, Candice hired a private detective to continue the investigation. He obtained a sample of Schneeberger’s DNA from inside the doctor’s car that matched that of the previously compared semen. A third official test was conducted, but the blood sample used was too small and of insufficient quality to qualify for analysis.

Finally, in 1997, Schneeberger’s wife, Lisa, discovered that he had repeatedly drugged and sexually assaulted her 15-year-old daughter by a previous marriage. Lisa reported this to the police, and they ordered yet another, fourth, DNA comparison. The fourth comparison used a set of DNA samples taken from Schneeberger’s actual, finger-tip blood, a swab of the inside of his cheek, a follicle of his hair and and the alleged rapist’s semen. All samples matched, and he was subsequently found guilty of two counts of sexual assault, of administering a stupefying drug and of obstruction of justice.

Readers are probably wondering why the first number of DNA tests failed to find a match. Schneeberger revealed that during his trial. He had implanted a 15 cm Penrose drain into his arm. Penrose drains are soft, flat, flexible tubes commonly inserted into wounds to prevent fluid such as blood from accumulating and possibly providing a home for bacteria. The implanted tube contained blood previously taken from a different person. Schneeberger would direct a blood taker to extract a blood sample in a manner that would withdraw “borrowed” blood from the tube for testing.

Schneeberger lost his freedom, his medical license, his Canadian citizenship and his wife, who divorced him.


Versed is a central-nervous-system depressant commonly administered to patients to relax them prior to medical procedures such as surgery. It can also produce a loss of memory of any following discomfort.

Fifteen centimeters (cm) is just short of six inches in length.



After having drafted this essay, I discovered that the actions of Dr. Schneeberger had been the subject of a 2003 Canadian film titled I ACCUSE and of an episode of FORENSIC FILES titled BAD BLOOD on Tru TV. It also reportedly inspired a fifth-season episode of LAW AND ORDER: SPECIAL VICTIMS UNIT and the first episode of a 2009 Japanese drama titled KIINA. Additionally, in 2001, it was featured in a seventh HBO episode on AUTOPSY titled DEAD MEN TALKING. I have not yet seen any of the foregoing, but their titles indicate that that they would make interesting viewing.



I can tell already, that title isn’t going to seem funny to me in the morning. But it’s late, and I must get this posted. Anyway, you all expect me to be a little off-the-wall, right? OK, a lot off-the-wall. I blame your questions. Wonderful questions, of course, but no one is asking “What’s your favorite color?” or “Where do you get your ideas from?” Guess I should be grateful for that. Onward…

Q: [Canton, OH] What’s your favorite color?

A: Dang. Purple.

Q: [?, MA] What did you study in college?

A: Study? Bwahahahaha! That’s that zoned out state that requires textbooks and stuff, right? I bought a textbook once. Needed it to get the right height for a desk chair. Oh, oh, shouldn’t joke. My lack of academic commitment was almost criminal. Still a painful memory. Started out in chemical engineering and emerged about a decade later with virtually nothing. Enough credits beyond a Bachelor’s for a Doctorate, but they were all over the map. The hopscotch began when they let me comp out of my freshman year by taking the final exams at Michigan State University. Waaaaa-ay too much freedom for a jock on athletic scholarship who only cared about swimming (went to MSU because they had three world record holders – Bill Stuart from South Africa in the 1500, Tom Patterson in the hundred free, and Frank Modine in the 100 and 200 breast). Anyway, I jumped around from chemistry to math, art, history, English lit, psych, soc. studies, philosophy, and from university to university, undergrad to grad school, always impervious to formal learning. Self-educated with a major in Worthlessness and a minor in Everything Else, graduating w/BA without Distinction. It is a sad commentary that thereafter I somehow A-ced 99 credits in grad school. The more abstract it got, the easier it became to just mail it in. Institutions from high school through college returned the favor, because they didn’t bother to mail diplomas or certificates to me after I didn’t bother to pick them up. I may hold the record for ordering transcripts. Dunno. Dunno nothin’. I r edumacated.

Q: [Pensacola, FL] Do you use a pseudonym?

A: If you mean is Thomas Sullivan my real name, guilty. I have, however, used pseudonyms. And if I tell you more, I’ll have to kill you.

Q: [Alexandria, MN] Are you as cynical about marriage as you sound? What is the thing you look for most in a woman?

A: The potential for fidelity. I’ve never responded to anything less than unimpeachable love. A while back I almost played house permanently with a very magical woman – the love of my life. So, if I was cynical, it was before that. To even know that sharing life’s grand adventure with a true soulmate was possible still fills me with awe and excitement.

Q: [NE?] I’m going to teach creative writing this fall and wonder if you have any tips I could use.

A: The idea of acquiring uniqueness by following an instructor’s guidelines is a bit contradictory, don’t you think? My experience on both sides of the desk has been that “teaching” creativity is a non sequitur (if not an oxymoron) between the two words “teaching” and “creativity.” That said, we all begin by imitating. But imagination and individual exploration must play large from there. To my way of thinking, a group setting for creativity should be more like group therapy. The instructor’s opinion is no more valuable than anyone else’s as to whether a work…works! So, orchestrating a feedback atmosphere should be your job as teacher. Let the responses come from all quarters. Caveat: certain stereotypes always emerge in freelance critiquing, often for ulterior motives, so you have to manage that. Being candid but still supportive is an art in itself that includes but is not limited to conjugating the whole range of creative alternatives and possibilities. A fundamental guideline you might adopt for yourself is that nothing is ever without merit or without the potential for change in order to develop and reach different audiences.

Q: [Ann Arbor, MI] Lovely photos; have you thought of doing a calendar?

A: Thank you! This refers to Sullygram newsletter photos, I think. Wish I had time to invest in photography, but it’s all I can do to pause when I’m on the trails and push a button on the cell phone camera while nature does the posing. High-end calendar photography would just emphasize the frustration I feel over what CANNOT be captured: that sense of space, soothing sounds, a rush of air, the galvanizing smells and tastes and textures of life at full flow. Experiencing nature as a two-dimensional image is like making love to a mannequin – not that I’ve ever made love to a mannequin (…I can explain that inflatable doll).

Q: [Australia] Do you ever start a book and then forget the plot or part of the plot?

A: Oh, my best ideas are lost before they ever get down on little scraps of paper. Happens. Thing of it is, a novel’s character flow should make psychological sense and therefore the options lend themselves to a do-over, if you have to retrace that logic. On the other hand, things & events, gimmicks, twists of the tangible, or specific descriptions may be unique and, alas, the loss becomes real if you forget. Sometimes I hear writers lament losing some character reaction, as if they don’t have a handle on that person’s motivations and temperament. While major characters can and should change in the course of a book, I never pursue a story unless I feel thoroughly certain how that character would react/act in any circumstances.

Q: [Tacoma, WA] I think you’re naïve for thinking romance can last in a marriage. Do you actually know someone for whom it has?

A: Granted, the magic that comes with newness and respect in a relationship can become rarer than a steak cooked in a refrigerator. And if you think romance is just one variation or another of a man giving to a woman to reassure her of her value and a woman rewarding him to reassure him of his, then you’re right, the relationship can turn into a hollow obligation and a yawn. But if at least one person in such a marriage brings a romantic view in all things to it, and if the other person can at least be inspired by that, then they have already transcended token gifts and clichéd rituals. I used to call it CIA – communication, imagination and adventure. For me, that’s what feeds growth and anchors attraction. I’m not knocking practical marriages that endure out of habit and appearances. But I don’t believe marriage has to be like some marathon dance contest where a couple stumble around to canned music until they are dead on their feet. Should what started out celebrated with gold rings end up celebrated with a gold watch?

Live large, my cherished fans and friends. Everyone has a bell to ring and a song to sing!

Thomas “Sully” Sullivan

You can see all my books in any format here on my webpage:

or follow me on Facebook: